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Hydrochemical characteristics of Djirwal groundwater in Burkina Faso

Author Affiliations

  • 1National Center of Scientific and Technological Research, 03 BP 7047 Ouagadougou 03 Burkina Faso
  • 2Mine and Geology Office of Burkina Faso, Regional Direction of Bobo-Dioulasso, Laboratory of Geochemistry BP 195 Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
  • 3National Laboratory of Public Health, 09 BP 24 Ouagadougou 09, Burkina Faso
  • 4UniversityPr Joseph Ki-Zerbo of Ouagadougou1, 03 BP 7021, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 8, Issue (3), Pages 1-10, March,18 (2018)

Abstract

Humanity is increasingly facing the issues related to the availability of water in quantity and quality. Its poor quality is the source of many diseases. Burkina Faso is not exempted from these difficulties given its demographic outgrowth. This work aims to check physical and chemical parameters of wells and boreholes water of the village of Djirwal located in the Haut-Bassin region in Burkina Faso. Various techniques were used to determine the pH, the temperature, the electrical conductivity (Ec), the turbidity, the hydrometric titration, the various cations and anions like calcium (Ca2+), magnesium (Mg2+), iron, nitrates (NO3-), and orthophosphates (PO43-). The boreholes were found to be highly contaminated by iron above the accepted values with contents reaching 5.97mg/l. The contents in Ca2+ and Mg2+ are higher for the boreholes compare to the wells with contents reaching up to 77 and 38mg/l respectively. In sum, the qualities of the wells and some boreholes water were not indicated for human consumption without adequate treatment.

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