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Res. J. Language and Literature Sci., Volume 2, Issue (3), Pages 1-13, March (2015)


Research Paper

1. Trade openness Impact on Manufacturing Sector: An ARDL Approach in Case of Pakistan
Ghulam Rasool Lakhan, Res. J. Language and Literature Sci., 2(3),1-6(2015)

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Abstract
Auto Regressive Distributed Lag Model (ARDL), Johansen Co-Integration Test (JCT) and Error Correction Model (ECM) are used to examine long and short run connection among the taken variables, in other words, Output of Manufacturing Sector, Investment, Trade Liberalization and inflation, to assess effect of Neo–liberalism on the Output of Manufacturing Sector in this study. The data of the said variables is picked from 1973-2013. It is found that investment and Trade Liberalization have a significant (at 5% level) and positive impact on Output of Manufacturing Sector, but inflation has a significant (at 5% level) and negative impact on Output of Manufacturing Sector. Additional these outcomes depict the information if Pakistan wants to make trade liberalization effectively then reform process to be made strengthen with appropriate institutional support.

Case Study

2. Holistic Tribal Education: A Case Study of Kalinga Institute of Social Sciences in Odisha, India
Senapati Tushar Kanti, Res. J. Language and Literature Sci., 2(3),7-13(2015)

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Abstract
Education is both an indicator and an instrument of development, and its attainment is a major factor behind the accumulation of human capital. Literacy is a useful indicator of the relative development of a society. The Constitution is unequivocally committed to bring about social justice and equality of all citizens as well as to the responsibility of the state to preserve, protect and assure the rights of the marginalised groups and minorities. The importance of non-government actors lately has assumed center stage in realising the educational rights of vulnerable groups like the tribals. The paper analyses the role, pattern and impact of Kalinga Institute of Social Sciences (KISS) in imparting elementary, secondary, higher and professional education free of cost. The aspects of vocational training, professional education, multi-lingual education, language barrier and culture components are also dealt with while analysing the model of education the organisation provides. The paper also delves into the innovation in education for imparting holistic education to the tribal children and youth.