8th International Science Congress (ISC-2018).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Assessment of nutritional status among pre-school children aged between 3-5 years in Mahiyanganaya DS division, Sri Lanka

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Biosystems Technology, Faculty of Technology, South Eastern University of Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka
  • 2Departent of Agricultural chemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, Eastern University of Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka
  • 3Departent of Agricultural chemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, Eastern University of Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 7, Issue (4), Pages 1-5, April,14 (2018)

Abstract

The nutritional status of the students at school should be adequate to produce well educated, skill full persons to drive the country in correct way for a bright future. Since pre-school community's' nutrition status has impact on nutritional status of school students, assessment as well as improvement of nutritional status among pre-school children is essential. Considering this fact, a nutritional survey was carried out among the pre-school children aged between 3-5 years in the Mahiyanganaya DS Division which is in the Badulla District of Uva Province, Sri Lanka. 150 Pre School children age of between 3-5 years were selected as samples from randomly selected school. According to the data collected with respect to BMI in the study area, 21.3% of children were in severe malnutrition (BMI < 14) and 42.7% (BMI: 14 - 16.5) were in moderate malnutrition and only 28.7% (BMI: 16.5 - 20) are in ideal condition and 7.3% (BMI > 20) are in the category of over nutrition. Furthermore, prevalence of 70%, 45.3% and 56.7% were reported for anthropometric indicators of wasting, underweight and stunting respectively. Morbidity, low birth weight, inadequate dietary energy intake and socioeconomic background were the main causes of malnutrition in studied sample. Among the socioeconomic variable, monthly income and educational level of household had positive co-relation while family size had negative co-relation with BMI.

References

  1. Jelliffe D.B. (1966)., The assessment of the Nutritional Status of the Community., Monograph No. 53, World Health Organization, Geneva. http://apps.who.int/iris/ handle/ 10665/41780.
  2. Peiris T.D.R. and Wijesinghe D.G.N.G. (2010)., Nutritional Status of under 5 Year-Old Children and Its Relationship with Maternal Nutrition Knowledge in Weeraketiya DS Division of Sri Lanka., Tro.Agr. Res., 21(4), 330-339.
  3. Rajapaksa L.C., Arambepola C., Gunawardena N., Rosa C. and Opatha S. (2011)., Nutritional status in Sri Lanka, determinants and interventions: A desk review., Colombo: UNICEF.: http://files.unicef.org/srilanka/2012_SL_Nutri_Desk_review.pdf. Accessed on 19/06/2017.
  4. Kandala N.B., Madungu T.P., Emina J.B.O., Nzita K.P.D. and Cappuccio F.P. (2011)., Malnutrition among Children under the Age of Five in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC): Does Geographic Location Matter., BMC Pub Hea., 11, 261. DOI: 10.1186/1471245811261.
  5. Schnepf R.D. (1991)., Understanding the Health and Nutritional Status of the Children of Rwanda. Monograph., Ithaca, Cornel Food and Nutrition Policy Programme, New York. ISBN 1-56401-013-9.
  6. Fernando W.H.K.N. and Wijesinghe D.G.N.G. (2010)., Assessment of Nutritional Status and Disease Prevalence among Elderly Population in Elderly Homes in Kandy., Tro.Agr.Res., 21(3), 229-237.
  7. World Health Organization (1995)., Physical Status: The Use and Interpretation of Anthropometry., Technical Report Series No. 854, WHO. http://www.who.int/ childgrowth/publications/physical _status/en/. Accessed on 25/06/2017.
  8. Shetty P. (2002)., Measures of Nutritional Status from Anthropometric Survey Data. International Scientific Symposium: Measurement and Assessment of Food Deprivation and Undernutrition., FAO, Rome, Italy. 26-28th June.
  9. Onis M.D., Onyango A.W., Borghi E., Garza C. and Yang H. (2006)., Comparison of the World Health Organization (WHO) Child Growth Standards and the National Center for Health Statistics/WHO International Growth Reference: Implications for Child Health Programmes., Pub. Hea. Nut., 9(7), 942-947. DOI: 10.1017/PHN20062005.
  10. Caulfield L.E., de Onis M., Blössner M. and Black R.E. (2004)., Undernutrition as an underlying cause of child deaths associated with diarrhea, pneumonia, malaria, and measles., The American journal of clinical nutrition, 80(1), 193-198.
  11. Khan A.A., Bano N. and Salam A. (2007)., Child malnutrition in South Asia: A comparative perspective., South Asian Survey, 14(1), 129-145.