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A Review of Jatropha and Pongamia FAME

Author Affiliations

  • 1Bharath University, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India
  • 2Mechanical Engineering Department, Bharath University, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India
  • 3Chemistry Department, Bhagwant University, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India
  • 4Bhagwant University, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India
  • 5Chattrapati Shau College, Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India

Res. J. Engineering Sci., Volume 5, Issue (7), Pages 56-61, July,26 (2016)

Abstract

The need of energy in transport sector is increasing tremendously. That’s why; economy in this sector is always fluctuating with high cost. The research on alternative fuel which should be economically feasible, easily processed and should be easy to use. Biodiesel is such a fuel that is gaining attraction due to its low cost synthesis from waste oils and its suitability in current diesel engines with no modification. Along with that it has several reasons to accept as a substitute to commercial diesel fuel due to its ecofriendly nature and is supportive to agricultural economy and is nontoxic. The cost of feedstock is the major factor which is responsible for viability of biodiesel. India has huge potential containing more than 100 various species producing seed oil which is suitable for production of biodiesel. Transesterification reaction is the most favourable way to convert oil into its ester form. The present article reviews the synthesis, optimization and characterization of biodiesel that especially synthesised from Jatropha curcus linn and Pongamia pinnata feedstock oils.

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