A Review of Jatropha and Pongamia FAME
- 1Bharath University, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India
- 2Mechanical Engineering Department, Bharath University, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India
- 3Chemistry Department, Bhagwant University, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India
- 4Bhagwant University, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India
- 5Chattrapati Shau College, Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India
Res. J. Engineering Sci., Volume 5, Issue (7), Pages 56-61, July,26 (2016)
The need of energy in transport sector is increasing tremendously. That’s why; economy in this sector is always fluctuating with high cost. The research on alternative fuel which should be economically feasible, easily processed and should be easy to use. Biodiesel is such a fuel that is gaining attraction due to its low cost synthesis from waste oils and its suitability in current diesel engines with no modification. Along with that it has several reasons to accept as a substitute to commercial diesel fuel due to its ecofriendly nature and is supportive to agricultural economy and is nontoxic. The cost of feedstock is the major factor which is responsible for viability of biodiesel. India has huge potential containing more than 100 various species producing seed oil which is suitable for production of biodiesel. Transesterification reaction is the most favourable way to convert oil into its ester form. The present article reviews the synthesis, optimization and characterization of biodiesel that especially synthesised from Jatropha curcus linn and Pongamia pinnata feedstock oils.
- Knothe G., Sharp C.A. and Ryan T.W. (2006)., Exhaust emission of biodiesel, petro diesel, neat methyl esters and alkanes in a new technology engine., Energy & Fuels, 20, 403-408.
- Kumbhar R.R., Chavan S.B. and Khyade V.B. (2014)., Preparation of methyl ester (biodiesel) from jatropha curcus linn., Res. J. Agri. & Forestry Sci., 1(2), 12-19.
- Guo J., Peltier E., CarterR. E., Krejci A.J., Susan M., Williams S. and Depcik C. (2012)., Waste Cooking Oil Biodiesel Use in Two Off-Road Diesel Engines., ISRN Renewable Energy, 30782.
- Moser B.R, Knothe G., Vaughn S.F. and Isbell T.A. (2009)., Production and Evaluation of Biodiesel from field pennycress (Thlaspi arvense L.) oil., Energy Fuels, 23, 4149-4155.
- Satyarthi J.K., Srinivas D. and Ratnasamy P. (2009)., Estimation of free fatty acid contents in oil, fats and biodiesel by 1H NMR spectroscopy., Energy Fuels, 23(4), 2273-2277.
- Demirbas A. (2008)., Biofuels sources, biofuel policy, biofuel economy and global biofuel projections., Energy Conversion and Management, 49, 2106-2116.
- Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (2005)., National Biofuel policy., Govt. of India.
- R&D outcome Tbos (2005)., National Research Network Programme on TBO’s., NOVOD Board, India, www.novodboard.com/
- Surase R.S., Pawar R.S. and Bobade S.N. (2016)., A review on lubrication system used for machining process., IJSART, 2(5).
- Sharma Y.C. and Singh B. (2010)., A hybrid feedstock for very efficient preparation of biodiesel., Fuel Processing Tech. 91(10), 1267-1273.
- Chavan S.B., Kumbhar R.R. and Deshmukh R.R. (2013)., Calophyllum inophyllum linn (“honne”) oil, a source for biodiesel production., RJCS, 3(11), 24-31.
- Singh B., Bux F. and Sharma Y.C. (2011)., Comparison of homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts for synthesis of biodiesel from Madhuca indica oil., CI&CEQ, 17(2), 117-124.
- Chavan S.B., Kumbhar R.R. and Sharma Y.C. (2014)., Transesterification of citrullus colocynthis (Thumba) oil: optimization for biodiesel production., AASR, 5(3), 10-20.
- Banerjee N., Ramakrishnan R. and Jash T. (2014)., Biodiesel production from used vegetable oil collected from shops selling fritters in Kolkata., Energy Procedia, 54, 161-165.
- Sharma Y.C., Singh B. and Upadhya S.N. (2008)., Advancements in development and characterization of biodiesel: a review., Fuel, 87, 2355–2373.
- Bobade S.N. and Khyade V.B. (2012)., Preparation of Methyl Ester (Biodiesel) from Karanja (Pongamia Pinnata) oil., RJCS, 2(8), 43-50.
- Bobade S.N. and Khyade V.B. (2012)., Detail study on properties of Pongamia pinnata (Karanja) for production of biodfuel., RJCS, 2(7), 16-20.
- Bobade S.N. and Khyade V.B. (2012)., Influence of inorganic nutrients on activity of enzyme, Nitrate reductase in leaves of Mulberry,Morus alba (L), (M-5 variety)., RJRS, 1(5), 1-10.
- Renish R.R., Chavan S.B., Shinde C.A. and Kumbhar R.R. (2015)., Application of ecofriendly heterogeneous catalyst (CaO) for synthesis of biodiesel and its characterization on VCR engine., IREME, 9(3), 314-323.
- Shu Q., Yang B., Yuan H., Qing S. and Zhu G., (2007)., Synthesis of biodiesel from soyabean oil and methanol catalyzed by zeolites beta modified by with La3+., Catal. Commun, 8, 2159-2165.
- Lu H., Liu Y., Zhou H., Yang Y., Chen M. and Liang B. (2009)., Production of Biodiesel from Jatropha curcus oil., Comp Chem Eng, 33, 1091-109.
- Karmee S.K. and Chadha A. (2005)., Preparation of biodiesel from crude oil of Pongamia pinnata., Bioresource Technol, 96, 1425-1429.
- Chavan S.B., Kumbhar R.R., Kumar A. and Sharma Y.C. (2015)., Study of biodiesel blends on emission and performance characterization on variable compression ratio engine., Energy & fuels, 29, 4393- 4398.
- Madhu D., Chavan S.B., Singh V., Singh B. and Sharma Y.C. (2016)., An economical viable synthesis of biodiesel from a crude Millettia pinnata oil of Jharkhand, India, as a feedstock and crab shell derived catalyst., Bioresource Tech, 214, 210-217.
- Kumar R., Dixit A.K. and Sharma R.K. (2015)., Properties and use of jatropha curcus ethyl ester and diesel fuel blends in variable compression ignition engine., J. of Sci. and Ind. R, 74, 15, 343-347.
- Pramanik K. (2003)., Properties and use of jatropha curcas oil and diesel fuel blends in compression ignition engine., Renewable Energy, 28, 239–248.
- Chauhan B.S., Kumar N. and Cho H.M. (2010)., Performance and emission studies on an agriculture engine on neat Jatropha oil., J. Mech Sci Technol., 24(2), 529-535.
- Agarwal D. and Agarwal A.K. (2007)., Performance and emissions characteristics of Jatropha oil (preheated and blends) in a direct injection compression ignition engine., Applied Thermal Eng., 27, 2314-23.
- Mandpe S., Kadlaskar S., Degen W. and Keppeler S. (2005)., On-road testing of advanced common-rail diesel vehicles with biodiesel from the Jatropha Curcas plant., SAE, 26, 356.
- Jindal S., Nandwana B.P., Rathore N.S. and Vashistha V. (2010)., Experimental investigation of the effect of compression ratio and injection pressure in a direct injection diesel engine running on Jatropha methyl ester., Applied Thermal Eng., 30, 442–448.
- Nantha G. and Thundil K. (2014)., Effect of pongamia biodiesel on emission and combustion characteristics of DI compression ignition engine., Ain Shans Engg. J, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.asej.2014.10.001.
- Lingfa P. and Das B. (2015)., Energy analysis of karanja oil as a supplementary fuel for compression ignition engine., J. U & E.E., 9(2), 97-101.
- Abedin J., Masjuki H.H., Kalam M.A., Sanjid A., Ashrafur R.S.M. and Rizwanul F. (2014)., Performance, emissions and heat losses of palm and Jatropha biodiesel blends in diesel engine., Industrial Crops and Products, 59, 96-104.
- Baste S.V., Bhosale A.V. and Chavan S.B., (2013)., Emission characteristics of Pongamia pinnata (Karanja) biodiesel and its blending up to 100% in a CI engine., Int. J. of Agri. And For. Sci. 1(7), 1-5.
- Gujar R.R., Kale R. and Chavan S.B. (2015)., Study of citrullus biodiesel blends on emission and performance characterization of IC engine., IJIRSE&T, 4(9), 8627-8636.
- Jindal S., Nandwana B.P. and Rathore N.S. (2010)., Comparative evaluation of combustion, performance, and emissions of Jatropha methyl ester and Karanja methyl ester in a direct injection diesel engine., Energy Fuels, 24, 1565-1572.
- Godiganur S., Murthy C.H.S., Reddy R.P. and Cummins (2009)., 6BTA 5.9 G2-1 Cummins Engine performance and emission tests using methyl ester mahua (Madhuca indica) oil/diesel blends., Renewable Energy, 34, 2172-2177.
- Beg R.A., Rahman M.S., Bose P.K. and Ghosh B.B. (2002)., Performance studies on a semi-adiabatic diesel engine using vegetable oil as fuel., SAE, 1, 2692.
- Ramadhas A.S., Muraleedharan C. and Jayaraj S. (2005)., Performance and emission evaluation of a diesel engine fueled with methyl esters of rubber seed oil., Renewable Energy, 30, 1789-1800.
- Altm R., Cetinkaya S. and Yucesu H.S. (2001)., The potential of using vegetable oil fuels as fuel for diesel engines., Energy Convers Manage., 42, 529-538.
- Rao G.L.N. and Saravanan S. (2008)., Role of biofuels in a sustainable environment - a technical study., CLEAN – Soil, Air, Water, 36 (10-11), 830–834.
- Demirbas A. (2007)., Importance of biodiesel as transportation fuel., Energy Policy, 35, 4661-70.
- Bender M. (1999)., Economic feasibility review for community-scale farmer cooperatives for biodiesel., Bioresour Technol, 70, 81-87.
- Haas M.J., Mc Aloon A.J., Yee W.C. and Foglia T.A. (2006)., A process model to estimate biodiesel production costs., Bioresour Technol, 97, 671–8.