6th International Young Scientist Congress (IYSC-2021) and workshop on Intellectual Property Rights on 8th and 9th May 2021.  10th International Science Congress (ISC-2020) will be Postponed to 8th and 9th December 2021 Due to COVID-19.  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Determination of Air Quality Index Status in Industrial areas of Visakhapatnam, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Civil Engineering, JNTU Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh, INDIA
  • 2 MSN Degree College, Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh, INDIA

Res. J. Engineering Sci., Volume 2, Issue (6), Pages 13-24, June,26 (2013)

Abstract

The present investigation was carried out to significant of air pollutant concentrations at industrial area of Visakhapatnam. PM2.5, PM10, sulphur dioxide (SO2) and oxides of nitrogen (NOx) were collected over six (6) sites in Visakhapatnam. First sampling station location at Coromandal fertilizers, second sampling station location at Hindustan petroleum chemicals ltd, third sampling station location at Hindustan Polymerisation, fourth sampling station location at Hindustan zinc, fifth sampling station location at Vizag Steel plant and sixth sampling station location at Hindustan ship yard. All the sampling stations selected are located in industrial areas. Meteorological parameters like Temperature, Relative humidity, Wind speed, Wind direction & Rain fall data were also recorded simultaneously during the sampling period. Monthly and seasonal variation of these pollutions have been observed and recorded. The annual average and range values have also been calculated. It has been observed that the concentrations of the pollutants are high in winter in comparison to the summer or the monsoon and post monsoon seasons. In the present study, it was noticed that the PM2.5 and PM10 levels at all selected sites exceeds the prescribed limits as stipulated by Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) New Delhi. A part from this the SO2 and NOx levels in industrial areas remain under prescribed limits of CPCB.

References

  1. Bhanarkar A.D., Gajghate D.G. and Hasan M.Z., Air pollution concentration in Haryana sub region, India, BullEnviron. Contam. Toxicol.,69, 690-695 (2002)
  2. Chauhan A. and Joshi P.C., Analysis of ambient air status in Haridwar city using air quality index, Brainstorming workshop on urban air pollution in India, Organized by I.I.T. Roorkee, India 35-39 (2007)
  3. Chauhan A. and Joshi P.C., Effect of ambient air pollutants on wheat and mustard crops growing in the vicinity of urban and industrial areas, New York Science Journal., 3(2), 52-60 (2010)
  4. Joshi P.C., Swami A. and Gangwar K.K., Air quality monitoring at two selected traffic junctions in the city of Haridwar, Him. J. Env. Zool., 20(2), 219-221 (2006)
  5. WHO., Air Quality Guidelines for Europe, Copenhagen, WHO Regional Office for Europe, (WHO Regional Publications, European Series, No. 23), (1987)
  6. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs/ Population Division 3, World Urbanization Prospects: The Revision (2003)
  7. Lam G.C.K., Leung D.Y.C., Niewiadomski M., Pang S.W., Lee A.W.F. and Louie P.K.K., Street level concentration of nitrogen dioxide and suspended particulate matter in Hong-Kong, Atmospheric Environment, 33, 1-11 (1999)
  8. Rao M.N. and Rao H.N.V., Air pollution, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Limited, New Delhi (1998)
  9. CPCB (Central pollution Control Board), Air quality status and trends in India (2000)
  10. Gupta A.B., Vehicular air pollution and asthma. Asthma Sanjeevani, 5(2), 3-5 (1999)
  11. Gurjar B.R., Butler T.M., Lawrence M.G. and Lelieveld J., Evaluation of emissions and air quality in megacities, Atmospheric Environment, 42, 1593-1606 (2008)
  12. Gurtu D., Vaidya M. and Gajghate D.G., World scenario of particulate matter, NO and SO, A Review, IJEP.,21(2), 683-695 (2001)
  13. Jacob M.B. and Hochheiser S., Continuous sampling and ultra-micro determination of nitrogen dioxide in air, Annal, Chem, 32, 426 (1968)
  14. Jain R., Dwivedi D.K. and Gupta A.B., Status of air quality at selected traffic junctions of Jaipur city, Nature Environment and Pollution Technology, 3(4), 435-442 (2004)
  15. Leung Y.C. and Lam G.C.K., Development of a coal stockpile dust suppression system, International Journal of Storing, Handling and Technology Bulk., 13, 513-515 (1993)
  16. Monne C.H., Branedli O., Schaeppi G., Schindler C.H., Asckermannm U. and Leuenberger P.H., Sapaldia, Team Particulate matter 10 m in urban, rural and alpine air in Switzerland, Atmospheric Environment, 29, 2565-2573 (1995)
  17. Mohanraj R. and Azeez P.A., Health effects of airborne particulate matter and the Indian scenario, Current Science.,87(6), 741-748 (2004)
  18. Nylund N.O. and Lawson A., Exhaust emissions from natural gas vehicles, Helsinki: International Association of Natural Gas Vehicles, VTT Energy (2000)
  19. Prendez M.M., Egido M., Tomas C., Seco J., Calvo A. and Romero H., Correlation between solar radiation and total suspended particulate matter in Santigo, Chile, Atmospheric Environment,29, 1543-1551 (1995)
  20. Rajasekhar R.V.J., Samy I.K., Sridhar M. and Muthusubramanian P., Estimation of suspended particulate matter in the ambient air of Madurai city by sedimentation and filtration methods, IJEP.,21(8), 673-676 (1999)
  21. Ravindra K., Mor S., Ameena, Kamyotra J.S. and Kaushik C.P., Variation in spatial pattern of criteria air pollutants before and during initial rain of monsoon. Environment Monitoring Assessment, 87, 145-153 (2003)
  22. Reddy M.K. and Suneela M., Status of ambient air quality at Hazira with reference to modified air quality index, IJEP, 21(8), 707-712 (2001)
  23. Sandhu P.S., Patel U. and Gupta A.B., Exposure to airborne particles and their physical characterisation in ambient environment of Jaipur city, Nature Environment and Pollution Technology, 3(4), 509-514 (2004)
  24. Senthilnathan T., Status of respirable dust particle (RDP) concentration-A case study in Chennai city. Journal of Environmental Biology, 20(2), 425-428 (2005)
  25. Sharma M., Maheswari M. and Pandey R., Development of air quality index for data interpretation and public information, Department of civil Engineering, IIT Kanpur, Report submitted to CPCB, Delhi, (2001)
  26. Sri Muruganandam B. and Shiva Nagendra S.M., Air quality in Chennai city. Proceeding of the Brainstorm Workshop on Urban Air Pollution in India held at IIT Roorkee, 35-39 (2007)
  27. Swami P.K. and Tyagi A., Formation of an air pollution index, Journal of Air and Waste Management Association,49, 88-91 (1999)
  28. Tandon A., Yadav S. and Attri A.K., City-wide sweeping a source for respirable particulate matter in the atmosphere, Atmospheric Environment, 42, 1064-1069 (2008)
  29. UNCSD, Protection of the Atmosphere-Report to the Secretary General. E/CN.17/2001/2, Commission for Sustainable Development, NewYork, USA, (2001)
  30. Varma P.C., Jha C., Mian S., Sinha S.B. and Gupta V.S., Air quality studies in an industrial and urban township of Jharia coal field, Dhanbad, IJEP., 14(4), 301-306 (1994)
  31. Qayoom Mir A., Yazdani T., Ahmad S. and Yinus M., Total flavonoid and phenolics in catharanthus roseus L. and Ocimum sanctum L. asa Biomarkers of urban Auto pollution, Caspian J.Env. Sci.,7(1), 9-16 (2009)
  32. Sharma Manju and Pandey Anish Chandra., Chemical Estimation of Air Pollutants and Its Impact on the Flavonoid Content of Adhatoda vasica, ocimum sanctum; and Aloe Vera, Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., 1(5), 58-61, (2012)