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Comparative Study on Distortional Buckling Strength of Cold-Formed Steel Lipped Channel Sections

Author Affiliations

  • 1Vijayasimhan M, Marimuthu V., Palani G.S. and Rama Mohan Rao P.
  • 2 CSIR-Structural Engineering Research Centre, Chennai, INDIA VIT University, Vellore, INDIA
  • 3
  • 4

Res. J. Engineering Sci., Volume 2, Issue (4), Pages 10-15, April,26 (2013)


Usage of cold formed steel structural components for buildings and structures is gaining popularity in India for a decade. Hot rolled steel member behaviour and design are well developed, whereas the cold formed steel member behaviour and design is not developed fully compared to the rest of the world. The Indian code for cold-formed steel design, IS 801 was revised during 1975, which is in line with 1968 edition of AISI standard. Bureau of Indian standards is in the process of revision of IS 801 to catch up with the latest developments and design methods with the other codes of practices in the world. As a background for the development of codal provisions, the design provisions developed in the various codes of practices have been reviewed and a comparative study has been carried out on design flexural strength of cold formed steel lipped channel sections. For this purpose, experimental results are collected from the literature. Based on the comparative study, direct strength method (DSM), which gives flexural strength closer to experimental results has been chosen for further parametric studies. There are several failure modes among which distortional buckling is one such failure mode that affects the strength of the section. In order to assess the influence of distortional buckling, a parametric study has been conducted by varying the lip depth, which is the influencing factor for distortional buckling strength. This paper presents the details of the studies carried out and the conclusions arrived.


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