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Impacts and coping techniques to flood: the case study of two adjacent Char lands of Jamuna River in Sirajgonj District, Bangladesh

Author Affiliations

  • 1Faculty of Science, Department of Environmental Science and Disaster Management, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali-3814, Bangladesh
  • 2Faculty of Science, Department of Environmental Science and Disaster Management, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali-3814, Bangladesh
  • 3Faculty of Science, Department of Environmental Science and Disaster Management, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali-3814, Bangladesh

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 8, Issue (3), Pages 53-61, July,22 (2019)

Abstract

Sirajganj is a northern district that is considered as a highly flood prone district in Bangladesh. Most vulnerable regions of this district are mainly char lands. This survey was conducted in two adjacent char villages named as Brahmangaon and Arkandi under Shahazadpur upazila of Sirajgonj District. The objectives were the sector specific impacts and coping techniques of flood affected people in the study area. Total 120 householders were interviewed with a structured and semi structured questionnaire. Random sampling technique was applied to conduct the study. Agriculture, water source, sanitation and health were considered as target sector for the study. The study result revealed that agricultural (47.5%) sector was the most affected sector and followed by communication (19.17%) in the study area. Among them, crops (50%) and animal husbandry (37.5%) were the most affected part of agriculture. In health sector, children (38.33%) were the most affected group and followed by the aged people (17.5%). In char land, flood affected people suffered from different water borne diseases like diarrhea (44.17%), typhoid (28.83%) and dysentery (6.67%) for the crisis of pure drinking water as well as poor sanitation system. Considering long term health effects, malnutrition (53.33%) and hypertension (55.83%) were found as outbreak health events in post flood period at the study area. About 43% respondents were stored dry food during flood and 68% respondents don′t receive flood warning signals in the study area. Though, floods loss and damage of lives, livelihood and properties; people′s local knowledge and coping strategies may reduce their risk and vulnerability except any outer aid. Considering the coping techniques the result indicated that 39.17% respondents stayed at their own house (without taking any measures) for survive and followed by muchan (25.83 %), boat/embankment/roadside (12.5%), shelter center (9.17%) respectively. Introducing to pre-disaster warning system and consciousness, integrate local techniques with latest knowledge can be useful tools to reduce flood risk and vulnerability.

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