Analysis of municipal wastewater treatment facilities vis-à-vis quality of water in river Chambal at Kota, Rajasthan, India
- 1University Department of Civil Engineering, Rajasthan Technical University, Kota– 324010, India
- 2University Department of Civil Engineering, Rajasthan Technical University, Kota– 324010, India
Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 8, Issue (3), Pages 21-25, July,22 (2019)
It has been noticed that due to insufficient capacity of treatment plants and inadequacy of sewerage system in Kota city, the wastewater generated is directly disposed off in the Chambal River through a number of open drains located in different parts of the city. The existing capacity of sewage treatment plants is far behind the required capacity looking to the wastewater generated in the city. Therefore, an analysis of existing wastewater treatment facilities and effect on water quality by direct discharge of wastewater into the Chambal River was carried out. For this purpose, data was collected from various sources related to wastewater generation, existing capacities of sewage treatment plants and future plans of respective agencies. The influent and effluent wastewater quality of sewage treatment plants and water quality parameters of the Chambal River were collected, studied and analyzed. It has been found that the existing treatment facilities are insufficient and it will take a long time to develop required infrastructure. Till then if untreated wastewater is continued to be discharged into the Chambal River, it is going to deteriorate the water quality of the river very adversely. Hence, immediate action is required to protect the only perennial river of Rajasthan.
- Sharma Dr. K.M., Nama Pooja, Jain Mridual and Srivastav Rajat (2015)., Wastewater Treatment Techniques with Special Reference to Kota City., International Journal of Scientific Research, 4(5), 3-6.
- Gupta N., Nafees S.M., Jain M.K. and Kalpana S. (2011)., Physico-chemical assessment of water quality of river Chambal in Kota City area of Rajasthan State (India)., Rasayan Journal of Chemistry, 4, 686-692.
- Kumar N. and Choudhary M.P. (2017)., Effect on Water Quality of Chambal River due to Discharge of Open Drains in Kota City., International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology, 4(11), 890-894.
- Kumar N. and Choudhary M.P. (2017)., Deterioration of Water Quality of Chambal River due to Discharge of Open Drains., International Journal for Science and Advance Research in Technology, 3(12), 105-108.
- Andrew D. Eaton, Lenore S. Clesceri, Eugene W. Rice, Arnold E. Greenberg, and Mary Ann H. Franson (2005)., Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater., 21st ed. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC, New York.
- Indian Standards (IS) (1973)., 4764. Tolerance Limits for Sewage Effluents Discharged into Inland Surface Water., Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi.
- Indian Standards (IS) (1981)., Part I. 2490. Tolerance Limits for Industrial Effluents Discharged into Inland Surface Water., Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi.
- Rout Chadetrik L.A. and Prakash D.R. (2015)., Assessment of Physico-chemical Parameters of River Yamuna at Agra Region of Uttar Pradesh, India., International Research Journal of Environment Sciences, 4(9), 25-32.
- Tare V., Yadav A.V.S. and Bose P. (2003)., Analysis of photosynthetic activity in the most polluted stretch of river Ganga., Water Research, 37(1), 67-77.
- Mishra A., Mukherjee A. and Tripathi B.D. (2009)., Seasonal and Temporal Variations in Physico-chemical and Bacteriological Characteristics of River Ganga in Varanasi., International Journal of Environmental Research, 3(3), 395-402.
- Sharma S., Vishwakarma R., Dixit S. and Jain P. (2011)., Evaluation of Water Quality of Narmada River with Reference to Physico-chemical Parameters at Hoshangabad city, MP, India., Research Journal of Chemical Sciences, 1(3), 40-48.
- Barde V.S., Piplode S., Thakur V. and Agrawal R. (2015)., Physico-chemical Evaluation of Water Quality of Narmada River at Barwani and Khalghat, MP, India., International Research Journal of Environment Sciences, 4(3), 12-16.