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Microbial technology for revegetation in overburden dumps of coal mined area of Assam, India - a review

Author Affiliations

  • 1Rain Forest Research Institute, Sotai, Jorhat-785010, Assam, India
  • 2Rain Forest Research Institute, Sotai, Jorhat-785010, Assam, India
  • 3Institute of Advanced Study in Science and Technology, Guwahati, India

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 7, Issue (12), Pages 56-62, December,22 (2018)

Abstract

Activities of open cast coal mining create large area of overburden dump (OBD) in Makum Coalbelt, Assam. These OBDs are highly acidic and low in organic carbon, nutritional status and microbial activity. The natural process of re-establishment of vegetation on the OBDs is very slow. However, research works indicated that application of microbial including arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM) fungi, phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSB), lime and organic amendments (FYM) can enhance plant growth on OBDs. Application of natural forest topsoil could stimulate plant growth through improvement of microbial activity in the inert OBDs.

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