5th International Young Scientist Congress (IYSC-2019).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Impact of industrial pollution and seasonality on physicochemical and biological parameters of surface water around the BISIC industrial area of Rajshahi City, Bangladesh

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Botany, Kushtia Govt. College, Kushtia, Bangladesh
  • 2Department of Applied Nutrition and Food Technology, Islamic University, Kushtia-7003, Bangladesh

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 7, Issue (12), Pages 40-55, December,22 (2018)


The present study has been carried out to investigate the effects of industrial pollution and seasonal changes on physicochemical and biological parameters of surface water from November 2014 to May 2018 of Bangladesh Small Cottage Industry Corporation (BSCIC), Rajshahi, Bangladesh. Three different water body sites indicated as spot-I, spot-II, and spot-III of BSCIC were selected owing to the proximity of the wastes thrown by the industries. Spot-I is a drain which is connected to the central drainage system of BSCIC. Spot-II is a pond which receives wastes only during the rainy season whereas Spot-III is a large canal and is connected to the two main drainage systems of Rajshahi City Corporation. Water samples were collected at monthly intervals from a depth of 20-30 cm below the surface from the study sites. Water quality parameters viz., physical (air and water temperature, transparency of water), chemical (pH, dissolved oxygen, HCO3 alkalinity and free CO2, total hardness, Ca- and Mg-hardness, total phosphate and nitrate, percent of saturation of oxygen, redox potential (Eh), BOD5 and COD), and biological (phytoplankton and zooplankton, and total coliform bacteria) of the sites were evaluated. Pearson correlations analysis was used to find out the relationships among physical, chemical and biological parameters during all periods investigated. Anoxic conditions were found at spot-II and -III. The most important parameters of pollution like hardness, BOD5, COD and coliform counts were higher at spot-I and -III compared to spot-II. Therefore, this study reveals that spot-I and -III were highly polluted compared to spot-I where moderate levels of pollution were observed.


  1. Knopf A. (1971)., The Closing Cycle: Nature, Man and Technology., New York.
  2. Mahbub A., Tanvir H.M. and Afrin L.T. (2014)., An evaluation of environmental and social impact due to industrial activities-A case study of Bangshi river around Dhaka Export Processing Zone (DEPZ), Bangladesh., Int Res J Environ Sci, 3(2), 103-111.
  3. Akter M., Sikder T. and Ullah A.K.M.A. (2014)., Water quality assessment of an industrial zone polluted aquatic body in Dhaka, Bangladesh., American Journal of Environmental Protection, 3(5), 232-237.
  4. Khan M.Z.H., Mostafa M.G. and Saha A.K. (2015)., Impact of Municipal Waste Dumping on Soil and Water Around A Dump Site in Rajshahi City., Journal of Humanities, Arts, Medicine andSciences (BEST: IJHAMS), 1(1), 18.
  5. Welch P.S. (1948)., Limnological Methods., McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc, New York, NY, 381.
  6. Mishra S.N., Swarup R. and Jauhari V.P. (1992)., Encyclopedia of Ecology, Environment and Pollution Control: Environmental Air and Water Analysis., Mittal Publications, India, 17. ISSN: 81-7099-377-6
  7. APHA. (1989)., Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater., American Public Health Association, Washington, D.C., USA, 17th Ed.
  8. Gautam A. (1990)., Ecology and pollution of mountain waters: a case study of Bragirathi river (No. 363.7394 G275e)., New Delhi, IN: Ashish Publishing.
  9. Apha A. (1995)., WPCF, Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater., American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.
  10. Karne A.V. and Kulkarni P.D. (2009)., Studies on physico-chemical characteristics of freshwater bodies in Khatav tahsil, Maharashtra., Nature, Environment and Pollution Technology, 8(2), 247-251.
  11. Sultana M.U.N.I.R.A. and Khondeker M. (2009)., A Comparatative Limnology of two Urban Pond Ecosystems: Physical and Chemical Features., J. Asiat. Soc. Bangladesh, 65-71.
  12. Hujare M.S. (2008)., Seasonal variations of phytoplankton in the freshwater tank of Talsande, Maharashtra., Nature Environment and Pollution Technology, 7(2), 253-256.
  13. Morrill J.C., Bales R.C. and Conklin M.H. (2005)., Estimating stream temperature from air temperature: implications for future water quality., Journal of Environmental Engineering, 131(1), 139-146.
  14. Dong B., Qin B., Gao G. and Cai X. (2014)., Submerged macrophyte communities and the controlling factors in large, shallow Lake Taihu (China): sediment distribution and water depth., Journal of Great Lakes Research, 40(3), 646-655.
  15. Nõges T. and Nõges P. (1999)., The effect of extreme water level decrease on hydrochemistry and phytoplankton in a shallow eutrophic lake., Hydrobiologia, 408/409, 277-283.
  16. Awasthi U. and Tiwari S. (2004)., Seasonal trends in abiotic factors of a lentic habitat (Govindgarh lake) Rewa, MP, India., Ecology Environment and Conservation, 10, 165-170.
  17. Sharma M.R. and Gupta A.B. (2004)., Seasonal variation of physico-chemical parameters of Hathli stream in outer Himalayas., Pollution research, 23(2), 265-270.
  18. King D.L. (1970)., The role of carbon in eutrophication., Journal (Water Pollution Control Federation), 2035-2051.
  19. Mount D.I. (1973)., Chronic effect of low pH on fathead minnow survival, growth and reproduction., Water Research, 7(7), 987-993.
  20. Rajput S.I., Waghulade G.P. and Zambare S.P. (2004)., A Study on Physico-chemical Characteristics of Water From Right Canal of Hatnur Reservoir of Jalgaon, Maharashtra State., Ecology Environment and Conservation, 10, 171-173.
  21. Prasad B.B. and Singh B. (2003)., Ecological status in relation to primary productivity of a tropical water body of east Champaran, Bihar., Nature Environment and Pollution Technology, 2, 387-390.
  22. Mruthunjaya T.B. and Hosmani S.P. (2004)., Application of cluster analysis to evaluate pollution in Lingambudhi Lake in Mysore, Karnataka., Nature Environment and Pollution Technology, 3(4), 463-466.
  23. Devi C.D. and Anandhi D.U. (2009)., Assessment of water quality for aquaculture-A case study of Madhavara lake in Bangalore., Nature Environment and Pollution Technology, 8(4), 755-760.
  24. Sivakumari K., Jayamalini K., Kalaiarasi V. and Sultana M. (2005)., Variations in hydrographic factors of Adyar Estuary during different seasons., Nature Environment and Pollution Technology, 4(3), 353-361.
  25. Pandhe G.M., Dhembare A.J. and Patil R.P. (1995)., The Physichemical Characteristic and quality of water from the Pravara area, Ahemadnagar District, Maharashtra., J. Aqua. Biol, 10(1), 43-48.
  26. Bagde U.S. and Varma A.K. (1985)., Physico-chemical characteristics of water of J. N. U. Lake at New Delhi., Indian Journal of Ecology, 12(1), 151-156.
  27. Homyra N.E.S. and Sabrina N. (2005)., Limnology of an artificial lake of Rajshahi, Bangladesh., J. Bio-Sci., 13, 89-95.
  28. Garg R.K., Rao R.J. and Saksena D.N. (2006)., Studies on nutrients and trophic status of Ramsagar reservoir, Datia, Madhya Pradesh., Nature Environment and Pollution Technology, 5(4), 545-551.
  29. Chatterjee C. and Raziuddin M. (2002)., Determination of Water Quality Index (WQI) of a degraded river in Asansol industrial area (West Bengal)., Nature Environment and Pollution Technology, 1(2), 181-189.
  30. Abdul Jameel A. (1998)., Physico-chemical studies in Uyyakondan Channel water of river Cauvery., Pollution research, 17, 111-114.
  31. Khatavkar S.D., Kulkarni A.Y. and Goel P.K. (1989)., Limnological study on two lentic fresh water bodies at Kolhapur with special reference to pollution., Indian. J. Environ. Protection, 9(3), 198-203.
  32. Trivedi P.R. and Raj. G. (1992)., Encyclopedia of Environmental Sciences: Water Pollution., Akas Deep Publishing House, New Delhi, 97-113.
  33. Chowdhury A.H., Sabrina N. and Zaman M. (1998)., Evaluation of water quality and plankton abundance in a canal receiving sugar mill effluent in Rajshahi., J. Asiatic Soc. Bangladesh, Sci., 24(2), 283-291.
  34. Kaushik S. and Saksena D.N. (1999)., Physico-chemical limnology of certain water bodies of central India., Vijaykumar, K. Freshwater ecosystem of India. Daya Publishing House, Delhi-110035, 1-336.
  35. Crayton W.M. and Sommerfeld M.R. (1979)., Composition and abundance of phytoplankton in tributaries of the lower Colorado river, Grand Canyon region., Hydrobiobgia, 66, 81-93.
  36. Tiwari D. (2004)., Algal dynamics of a polluted river., Nature Environment and Pollution Technology, 3(1), 95-98.
  37. Reynolds C.S., Huszar V., Kruk C., Naselli-Flores L. and Melo S. (2002)., Towards a functional classification of the freshwater phytoplankton., Journal of plankton research, 24(5), 417-428.
  38. Rai H. and Hill G. (1978)., Bacteriological studies on Amazonas, Mississippi and Nile waters., Archiv Fur Hydrobiologie, 81(4), 445-461.
  39. Ghose N.C. and Sharma C.D. (1988)., Effect of drain water on the physico-chemical and bacteriological characteristic of River Ganga at Patna, Bihar., Ecology and pollution of Indian rivers, 255-269.
  40. Ahmed K. and Begum J. (2002)., Bacteriological quality of water in hill stream of Khanapara during different seasons., Nature Environment and Pollution Technology, 1(2), 171-173.
  41. Hendricks C.W. and Morrison S.M. (1967)., Multiplication and growth of selected enteric bacteria in clear mountain stream water., Water Research, 1(8-9), 567-576.