Taxonomic studies on external genitalic attributes of two species of genus Rhagastis Rothschild and Jordan (Lepidoptera: Hawkmoths)
- 1Punjabi University Patiala, Punjab-147001, India
Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 8, Issue (11), Pages 9-14, November,10 (2019)
Hawkmoths, (family Sphingidae) also known as \'Sphinx\' or \'Humming bird\' and are economically important. There are 183 species of Sphingidae compiled in volume V of ‵Fauna of British India, Moths′ and approximately 1000 species found all over the world. During the present studies, Rhagastis hayesi Diehl and Rhagastis aurifera (Butler) have been treated by taking various taxonomic characters, particularly the external genitalia to facilitate their authentic identification, diagnosis and differentiation as genital morphology shows peculiar patterns of variation among insects and both these species are first time reported from North-West India. Traditionally, external genitalic features of insects are considered as highly species specific in general and of high relevance in order Lepidoptera in particular. However, genitalic characters have been ignored by eminent workers. The adult representatives of hawkmoths namely hayesi Diehl and aurifera (Butler) of genus Rhagastis Rothschild & Jordan were collected with help of light trap fitted at different places in North-West India and after proper stretching were finally preserved in air tight wooden boxes containing naphthalene balls. In this research paper, the detailed study of morphological as well as external genitalic features of both the species have been study to update their taxonomic status in family Sphingidae.
- Triplehorn C.A., Charles A. and Johnson N.F. (2005)., Introduction to the Study of Insects., (7th edition) ISBN 0-03-096835-6.
- Bell T.R.D. and Scott F.B. (1937)., The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma., Moths, Vol. 5, Sphingidae. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Moths, Sphingidae, 5.
- Carter D.J. (1992)., Butterflies and Moths., Dorling Kinderslay New York, 304.
- Nilsson L.A., Rabakonandrianina E. and Petersson B. (1992)., Exact tracking of pollen transfer and mating in plants., Nature, 360, 666-668.
- Triplehorn C.A. and Johnson N.F. (2005)., Borror and Delong′s Introduction to the Study of Insects 7th Edition Brooks., Cole, Cengage Learning, 745-778.
- Common I.F.B. (1970)., Lepidoptera., In Mackerras, I.M. (Ed.), The insects of Australia, 765-866.
- Hodges R.W. (1971)., Sphingoidea, hawkmoths., The moths of America north of Mexico (including Greenland), 21, 1-158.
- Kuznetsova V.I. and Stekolnikov A.A. (1985)., Comparative and functional morphology of the male genitalia of bombycoid moths (Lepidoptera, Papilonomorpha: Lasiocampoidea, Sphingoidea, Bombycoidea) and their systematic position., Trudy. zool. Inst. Leningr. Proc. zool. Inst. USSR Acad. Sci., 134, 3-48. (in Russian).
- Hampson G.F. (1892)., Fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma., Moths, 1, 1-527. Taylor and Francis Ltd., London.
- Holloway J.D. (1987)., The moths of Borneo., South dene, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 3, 1-199.
- Rothschild W. and Jordan K. (1903)., A revision of the Lepidopterous family Sphingidae., Novit. Zool., 9, 1-972.
- Chu H.F. and Wang L.Y. (1980)., Lepidoptera: Sphingidae., In Chu, H. F. and Fauna Edit. Cttee (Eds), Economic insect fauna of China, 22, 1-84, 26 pls. Beijing (in Chinese).
- D, Sphingidae Mundi, Hawk Moths of the World., E.W. Classey Ltd., London, 1-235.
- Hungfu Z. and Linyao W. (1997)., Fauna Sinica, Insecta 11: Sphingidae (Lepidoptera)., Science Press Beijing, China, 437.
- Kaur P. (2008)., Studies on the comparative account and significance of the external genitalia in some Indian hawkmoths (Sphingidae: Ditrysia: Lepidoptera)., Ph.D Thesis, Punjabi university Patiala, India, 343.
- Banziger H. (1992)., Remarkable new cases of moths drinking human tears in Thailand (Lepidoptera: Thyatiridae, Sphingidae, Notodontidae)., Nat. Hist. Bull. Soc., 40, 91-102.
- Davis N.T., Dulcis D. and Hildebrand J.G. (2001)., Innervation of the heart and aorta of Manduca sexta., J. Comp. Neurol., 440(3), 245-260.
- Parreira D.S. (2014)., Periphoba hircia (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae) Defoliating Plants of Acacia mangium in the State of Roraima, Brazil., Florida Entomol., 97(1), 325-328.
- Fry R. and Waring P. (1996)., A guide to moth traps and their use., Am. Ent., 24, 1-60.
- Zimmerman E.C. (1978)., Microlepidoptera Insects of Hawaii., Univ. Press Hawaii Honolulu, xviii+1903.
- Robinson G.S., Ackery P.R., Kitching I.J., Beccaloni G.W. and Hernandez L.M. (2001)., Hostplants of the moth and butterfly caterpillars of the Oriental Region., Nat. Hist. Mus. London, 744.
- Klots A.B. (1970)., Lepidoptera., in Taxonomists Glossary of Genitalia in Insects (Ed. S.D. Tuxen). 2nd ed. Munksgaard, Copenhagen, 115-130.
- Inoue H., Kennett R.D. and Kitching I.J. (1997)., The Moths of Thailand 2: Sphingidae., Chok Chai Press, Bangkok, 149, 43.