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The Poultry Mite: Dermanyssus gallinae. - A Review

Author Affiliations

  • 1Dept. of Zoology, Govt. Digvijay Autonomous PG College Rajnandgaon, CG, India
  • 2Dept. of Zoology, Govt. Nagarjun Science College, Raipur, CG affiliated to Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur, CG, India

Res. J. Animal, Veterinary and Fishery Sci., Volume 8, Issue (1), Pages 12-16, May,24 (2020)

Abstract

Dermanyssus gallinae is an ectoparasite of poultry commonly known as red mite or chicken mite, is a vector and spread several major pathogenic diseases in fowl. It includes several species in wild birds and mammals and even in humans. It resembles the northern fowl mite, Ornithonyssus sylviarum in size and appearance. They normally take their meal by feeding on the breast around and legs of the fowl, at night as they are obligate blood feeders, that causes irritation, pain, feather loss, anemia resulting in decrease in egg production. The life cycle includes four basic stages egg, larvae, nymph and adult, that can be from a week to month depending on the factors like temperature and humidity, resulting in rapid increase of the population. To protect the flock and to increase in production of eggs of hens, preventing measures are required to be taken. preventing measure infestation in fowl house, by regular washing and cleaning and keeping warm can be performed periodically and the walls and floor can be treated with silica dust or carbolineum before introducing new hens in the house

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